Census and Statistics Department
- Employment and Vacancies Statistics
- Wages and Labour Earnings Statistics
- Statistics on Employers' Views on the Training Needs of their Employees
An important way for Hong Kong’s manufacturing technology industry to enhance its industrial competitiveness is to exercise innovative power in high-value added products and nurture a good mix of a tech-savvy team specialising in Industry 4.0, the inevitable trend to go for manufacturers, with a team of multi-disciplinary talents professional in international project management. These ingredients blending together will bring out the innovation-centric and technological image and career of the manufacturing technology industry, which attract new entrants to join.
The severe coronavirus epidemic and Sino-US trade frictions have dealt a heavy blow to the jewellery, watch and & clock and optical industries. At the same time, it has also accelerated the “digital transformation” of the industries to sustain business development. Under the "New Normal", the industries continue exploring new opportunities, producing and introducing fashionable and personalised products, actively engaging online trading platforms as well as strengthening the use of omni-channels for sales and promotion. With the evolution and rapid development of the industries, a consistent supply of manpower is needed. Practitioners are also required to equip themselves with robust industry knowledge and emerging skills so as to cultivate a customer-oriented mindset. In the long run, this helps facilitate the jewellery, watch & clock and optical industries to develop continuously and move forward. (English report will be uploaded later)
Apart from the aircraft maintenance sector experienced hard hit by the COVID-19 pandemic, the impact of the pandemic to the Electrical and Mechanical Services Industry was relatively mild. The industry is facing the challenge of retirement wave and lack of new bloods for succession. To this end, the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department has stepped up their recruitment of technician trainees in recent year, and the trainees were arranged with a 30-month workplace attachment in the private sectors. Adoption of new construction technologies such as Building Information Modelling (BIM), Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DfMA), and Modular Integrated Construction (MiC) is the worldwide trend; in-service practitioners and engineering discipline-related students are highly recommended to equip with relevant knowledge and skills to improve their competitiveness.
Hong Kong’s economy has experienced a setback amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The real estate services industry is comparatively less impacted, and has recruited certain laid-off employees from other industries. Nevertheless, some employers expect that they will face challenges in retaining the talents, in particular the manpower at professional level, owing to the wave of emigration and competition for talents from public sector.
MiC projects are first of all driven by the Government that the off-site manufacturing for on-site assembly methodology might reduce the construction time and labour cost as well as being more environmentally friendly. The methodology should be used with Design for Manufacture and Assembly (DfMA) approach such that construction wastes could be minimised.
With the impact of the new coronavirus epidemic, the beauty and hairdressing industries is encountering unprecedented challenges. The industries have undergone new business development models under the "New Normal". For example, changes in supply chain and customer experiences and further adoption of online sales and promotion to match with the digital trend. In this high-end technology era, practitioners are required to equip themselves with the robust latest knowledge, skills and technology (such as digital media and marketing strategy, professional customer services and flexible sales techniques, etc.), which is essential for enhancing the competitiveness and distinctiveness in customer-centric beauty and hairdressing industries.
The outbreak of COVID-19 has not only curbed tourism spending but also local consumption, resulting in business closures, layoffs and/or unpaid leave for workers. Some of the laid-off workers have joined the workforce in security guarding services. As at 30 June 2020, there was an increase of 8.4% in the number of valid Security Personnel Permit (SPP) holders as compared with 2019. However, the industry estimated that some of the newcomers will leave the industry when the economy gets into better shape.
Technology is reshaping the profession. While some accounting practitioners are reskilling or upskilling themselves using technological tools to transform the role they need to perform, tech-savvy practitioners with core technical knowledge are most needed by employers. Agility, resilience to change and the ability to embrace technology are the desired attributes of future accounting practitioners. The future accounting workforce should make good use of their creativity, agility, critical thinking and adaptability to effectively respond to an environment of technological change.
The advancement in technology is reshaping the manpower landscape of the banking and finance industry. Financial institutions, whether they are big or small, are trying their very best to update their legacy systems and rely very much on technology to improve operational efficiency and enhance customer experience. Institutions also need talents who are agile and adaptive enough to navigate the changes and face the challenges that lie ahead. Employees should comprehend how new technologies are able to be applied effectively to achieve organisational goals.
Nowadays, customers, particularly the Millennials, get used to buying online and e-commerce. They have grown up with the Internet, mobile devices, social media, and the cloud, etc. These customers are expecting similar online experience as they normally do from popular e-commerce and online platforms when they are considering buying insurance products. What is more, with the emergence of virtual insurers, traditional insurance companies have to embrace InsurTech to revamp the entire system in order to satisfy customer needs which are invariably evolving.
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